The ubiquitous Woolly Bugger, never quite spelled correctly to
my eyes, appeals to the eyes of every game fish imaginable. If I
had one pattern to fish the rest of my life, no matter what the
fish, no matter what the conditions, this would be it. Steelhead,
trout, salmon, bass, shad, pike, you name it, they will hit this
pattern. And the best thing? Usually the fish will be bigger than
average, the strikes harder than average, and the action better
The origins of the Woolly Bugger can be traced back to the Old
English pattern the Woolly Worm, which is also a very effective
pattern. Most credit Russell Blessing with the actual invention
of the Woolly Bugger in the early 1970's in Pennsylvania. Although,
Jack Dennis claims it is a variation of the Black Martinez popularized
in the west and still others claim it was originally a bass imitation
developed in the late 1800's in Missouri. Whatever the origins the
popularity of this pattern cannot be denied.
Besides being used for all game fish, the Bugger's popularity
can also be attributed to its versatility. It can be tied in almost
every color imaginable. The most popular colors are black, brown
and olive, with purple and white right behind. But almost every
color has been tied, and different color combinations are often
used on the same fly. Another characteristic that makes the bugger
so popular is that you can't fish it wrong. Okay if fish are slurping
delicately on number 24 Tri-co spinners, you don't want to plunk
a number 6 Bugger right in the center of them. But if you are searching
sub-surface for any kind of fish, in any kind of water, you could
do a lot worse than selecting the Woolly Bugger.
What fish think they are hitting when they hit a Bugger is somewhat
a mystery. To human's eyes it could be a baitfish, a leech, a grub,
a cricket, a stonefly, a dragonfly nymph, a damselfly nymph the
list is endless. And perhaps that is what makes it such a great
all-purpose pattern. It is a nymph, a streamer, and an attractor
all in one. We'll let the fish classify it.
New twists on this pattern have even added to its effectiveness.
Now usually tied with crystal flash or flashabou in its tail, for
added attraction. A wire rib counter-wrapped through the hackle
can also add flash and more importantly durability. It seems the
history of the Bugger is still being written and while we all try
ways to 'improve' this most popular pattern. Fish, that put in a
whole lot less thought about this pattern will curse the day Mr.
Blessing or whoever first tied one on a hook.
About The Author
Cameron Larsen is a retired commercial fly tier and fly fishing
guide. He now operates The Big Y Fly Co. firstname.lastname@example.org